Like the creation of any other piece of art, the task of creating a beautiful gardening landscape also requires a touch of artistic sense. In the creation of a painting the main points that are followed is a central idea based on which the whole painting, its surroundings and special effects are integrated in to the picture. Similarly in the design of a gardening landscape the gardener must have an idea about how, where and which plants are to be placed so that landscape gardening turns out to be beautiful to all its beholders.
There a number of steps or methods that can be followed in the design of a beautiful landscape gardening, which can be generalized as follows:
First, an overall look at the garden should be done to build up ideas in the minds eye. An open area in a garden is relaxing even for small garden grounds. If the whole of the garden is scattered with tress here and there, small bushes or plants randomly an overall shabby or fussy appearance is rendered to the garden destroying its beauty. On the other hand the arrangement can include a single tree or might be a small group such that a pleasing sight is provided to all those who take a look at it. It is advisable not to centre the tree as its appearance is much more satisfying to the eye when placed in the background.
The selection of the tree to be planted in the garden also requires a lot of thought and selection. Overpowering trees have to be avoided and interesting trees either with a good shape, or tasty fruits or beautiful flowers or distinctive bark or leaves can be selected to be the centre piece of attraction in the garden. The poplar tree is not highly recommended because of its fast shedding effect though there are places where a row or more of such Lombardy poplars are welcome. In contrast the catalpa is more acceptable for its broad leaves, eye-catching flowers, seed pods all of which contribute to a more scenic beauty and grace to the garden. The ash with its bright berries, the sugar maple with its brilliant foliage, the tulip tree and its blossoms, the white birch bark, the copper breach and its leaves are some of the few beauty points that can be taken in to consideration.
The place that is available as the garden ground has a large impact on the decision that can be taken about the type of trees that can be grown there. Moist low grounds are preferable for willows. Trees must be grouped together according to their proportion and synchronization qualities kept in mind.
Evergreens in the house surroundings are not highly recommended as a gloomy effect is created which subsists through out the whole life of the tree and the house appears to have a deserted or abandoned feeling to it. A house should have adequate amount of fresh air and bright sunlight for a bright and cheerful living.
As care is taken in the selection of the tree similarly care also need to be taken in the selection of the shrubs. A cluster of shrubs can be planted which includes early blooming plants, late blooming plants, shrubs with beautiful and bountiful flowers or fruits, colored bark so that the cluster always looks filled and fresh.
Houses can be surrounded by hedges which look more attractive than fences and for such purposes a number of shrubs are widely preferred such as the Osage orange, Japan quince, Japan barberry, Van Houtte’sspirea and buckthorn.
In the selection of the tress and shrubs one another point to be noted is that plantation those are similar to the surroundings should be given greater preference than outside foreign plants as their growth conditions such as soil, climate and manure choices may have variations as compared to the other commonly grown shrubbery.
Landscape gardening can be done either in a formal manner or in an informal manner. The good and bad points of each of the gardening manners can be briefly expressed as follows:
The formal arrangement of a straight line of plants might appear too stiff while informal arrangements have a fussy appearance.
The paths in the garden can be straight ones leading to any particular point or can be curving paths with beautiful bends and twists.
The paths can be either covered with gravel, dirt or grass. Grass paths when overgrown spoil the beauty and hence a gravel path is much more preferable. Paths should have suitably placed depressions for storage of water making a natural drainage system.
Climbing trees or creepers up and around the house gives a strong foundation or hold on the house together with a harmonious beauty with the garden. Climbing trees such as the Virginia creeper, clematis, trumpet vine, wisteria, climbing rose and honeysuckle all give satisfaction to the gardener as well as the observer.
Flowers are a natural source of beauty whether it is along the side of the building or along the walk border. Daffodils in the garden give a beautiful touch of exquisiteness in the early spring as do the hyacinths and tulips. Flower gardens are preferable in the side or rear of the house with open sunny lawns in the front. The rear can also be used as plots for vegetable gardening instead of littering grounds. Perfect blend of natural colors are needed to add touch of beauty to the gardens and special efforts need to be taken for that purpose. A small garden full of colors is more attractive than a large empty or overcrowded garden.
Landscape gardening can thus be briefed with a bright open lawn, beautiful flower beds, bountiful vegetation grounds and an overall beauty that attracts and magnifies all those who set eyes upon them. The landscape must be such that they blend grandly with the house and its style. Proper planning and its right execution should be carefully done for the perfect landscape gardening one could ever imagine in the wildest fantasies.